GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment Bölümü
GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) bölümü Gmat testinin en basinda karsiniza çikar.Bu bölümde Analysis of an Issue ve Analysis of an Argument seklinde iki ayri göreviniz vardir. Her bölüm için toplam 30 dakika süreniz vardir.
Analysis of an Issue için Örnek Soru ( Sample Analysis of an Issue)
In this section, you will need to analyze the issue presented and explain your views on it. There is no "correct" answer. Instead, you should consider various perspectives as you develop your own position on the issue.
Writing Your Response: Take a few minutes to think about the issue and plan a response before you begin writing. Be sure to organize your ideas and develop them fully, but leave time to reread your response and make any revisions that you think are necessary.
Evaluation of Your Response: College and university faculty members from various subject matter areas, including management education, will evaluate the overall quality of your thinking and writing. They will consider how well you—
"People often complain that products are not made to last. They feel that making products that wear out fairly quickly wastes both natural and human resources. What they fail to see, however, is that such manufacturing practices keep costs down for the consumer and stimulate demand."
Which do you find more compelling, the complaint about products that do not last or the response to it? Explain your position, using relevant reasons and/or examples from your own experience, observations, or reading.
The following sample paper would receive the highest rating:
Many people feel that products are not made to last, and correspondingly, many natural and human resources are wasted. On the other hand, it can be noted that such manufacturing practices keep costs down and hence stimulate demand. In this discussion, I shall present arguments favoring the former statement and refuting the latter statement.
Products that are not made to last waste a great deal of natural and human resources. The exact amount of wasted natural resources depends on the specific product. For example, in the automobile industry, the Yugo is the classic example of an underpriced vehicle that was not made to last. Considering that the average Yugo had (not "has," since they are no longer produced!) a life expectancy of two years and 25,000 miles, it was a terrible waste.
Automobile industry standards today create vehicles that are warranteed for about five years and 50,000 miles. By producing cheap Yugos that last half as long as most cars are warranteed, the Yugo producer is wasting valuable natural resources. These same resources could be used by Ford or Toyota to produce an Escort or Tercel that will last twice as long, thereby reducing the usage of natural resources by a factor of two.
Human resources in this example are also wasteful. On the production side, manufacturers of a poor-quality automobile, such as the Yugo, get no personal or professional satisfaction from the fact that their product is the worst automobile in the United States. This knowledge adversely affects the productivity of the Yugo workers.
Conversely, the workers at the Saturn plants constantly receive positive feedback on their successful products. Saturn prides itself with its reputation for quality and innovation—as is seen in its recent massive recall to fix a defect. This recall was handled so well that Saturn's image was actually bolstered. Had a recall occurred at a Yugo plant, the bad situation would have been even worse.
Another factor in the human resources area is the reaction by the consumer. A great deal of human resources have been wasted by Yugo owners waiting for the dreaded tow truck to show up to haul away the Yugo carcass. Any vehicle owner who is uncertain of his/her vehicle's performance at 7 a.m., as he/she is about to drive to work, senses a great deal of despair. This is a great waste of human resources for the consumer.
While the consumer senses the waste of natural and human resources in a poor quality product, so does the manufacturer. People who argue that low quality manufacturing processes keep costs low for the consumer and hence stimulate demand should look at the Yugo example. In the mid-1980s, the Yugo was by far the cheapest car in the United States, at $3,995. By 1991, the Yugo was no longer sold here and was synonymous with the word "lemon."
>>>Daha fazla Analysis of an Issue örnek sorulari görmek isterseniz Download Analysis of an Issue Topics
Analysis of an Argument Örnek Soru ( Sample Analysis of an Argument Question)
In this section, you will be asked to write a critique of the argument presented. You are NOT being asked to present your own views on the subject.
Writing your response: Take a few minutes to evaluate the argument and plan a response before you begin writing. Be sure to organize your ideas and develop them fully, but leave time to reread your response and make any revisions that you think are necessary.
Evaluation of your response: College and university faculty members from various subject matter areas, including management education, will evaluate the overall quality of your thinking and writing. They will consider how well you—
The following appeared in the editorial section of a monthly business news magazine:
"Most companies would agree that as the risk of physical injury occurring on the job increases, the wages paid to employees should also increase. Hence it makes financial sense for employers to make the workplace safer: they could thus reduce their payroll expenses and save money."
Discuss how well reasoned you find this argument. In your discussion be sure to analyze the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, you may need to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what alternative explanations or counterexamples might weaken the conclusion. You can also discuss what sort of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically sound, and what, if anything, would help you better evaluate its conclusion.
The following is an actual AWA essay that received the highest rating:
This argument states that it makes financial sense for employers to make the workplace safer because by making the workplace safer then lower wages could be paid to employees. This conclusion is based on the premise that as the list of physical injury increases, the wages paid to employees should also increase. However, there are several assumptions that may not necessarily apply to this argument. For example, the costs associated with making the workplace safe must outweigh the increased payroll expenses due to hazardous conditions. Also, one must look at the plausability of improving the work environment. And finally, because most companies agree that as the risk of injury increases so will wages doesn't necessarily mean that the all companies which have hazardous work environments agree.
The first issue to be addressed is whether increased labor costs justify large capital expenditures to improve the work environment. Clearly one could argue that if making the workplace safe would cost an exorbitant amount of money in comparison to leaving the workplace as is and paying slightly increased wages than it would not make sense to improve the work environment. For example, if making the workplace safe would cost $100 million versus additional payroll expenses of only $5,000 per year, it would make financial sense to simply pay the increased wages. No business or business owner with any sense would pay all that extra money just to save a couple dollars and improve employee health and relations. To consider this, a cost benefit analysis must be made. I also feel that although a cost benefit analysis should be the determining factor with regard to these decisions making financial sense, it may not be the determining factor with regard to making social, moral and ethical sense.
This argument also relies on the idea that companies solely use financial sense in analysing improving the work environment. This is not the case. Companies look at other considerations such as the negative social ramifications of high on-job injuries. For example, Toyota spends large amounts of money improving its environment because while its goal is to be profitable, it also prides itself on high employee morale and an almost perfectly safe work environment. However, Toyota finds that it can do both, as by improving employee health and employee relations they are guaranteed a more motivated staff, and hence a more efficient staff; this guarantees more money for the business as well as more safety for the employees.
Finally one must understand that not all work environments can be made safer. For example, in the case of coal mining, a company only has limited ways of making the work environment safe. While companies may be able to ensure some safety precautions, they may not be able to provide all the safety measures necessary. In other words, a mining company has limited ability to control the air quality within a coal mine and therefore it cannot control the risk of employees getting blacklung. In other words, regardless of the intent of the company, some jobs are simply dangerous in nature.
In conclusion, while at first it may seem to make financial sense to improve the safety of the work environment sometimes it truly does not make financial sense. Furthermore, financial sense may not be the only issue a company faces. Other types of analyses must be made such as the social ramifications of an unsafe work environment and the overall ability of a company to improve that environment (i.e., coal mine). Before any decision is made, all this things must be considered, not simply the reduction of payroll expenses.
>>>Daha fazla Analysis of an Argument örnek sorulari görmek isterseniz Download Analysis of an Argument Topics
Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) Score
Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) dan alacaginiz skor Analysis of an Issue ve Analysis of an Argument bölümlerinden alacaginiz ortalama puana göre hesaplanir. GMAT AWA puanlari 0-6 arasinda yarim puan degisecek sekilde planlanmis bir puandir. 5.5, 6 gibi. Iki essay de puanlandirilir ve bagimsiz siralamaya sahip olur ve bütün puan hesabi için ortalama alinir.
Writing Scores, çoktan seçmeli dedigimiz multiple-choice skorlarindan bagimsiz hesaplanir ve GMAT Verbal, GMAT Quantitative, GMAT Total skorlarina bir etkisi yoktur.
Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) Score Nasil Hesaplanir?
AWA bölümünde her essay (kompozisyon) da iki bagimsiz degerlendirme görecektir. Biri automated essay-scoring engine adi verilen otomatik bir degerlendirmedir. Automated essay-scoring engine 50 farkli yapisal ve dilbilimsel kritere göre degerlendirme yapabilen elektronik bir sistemdir. ( Düsünsenize bir insan kaç kritere göre degerlendirme yapabilir. Yasasin elektronik programlar)
Eger iki degerlendirme birbirinden bir noktada bile ayri düserse bir essay uzmanindan yardim alinir. Üniversitelerin ögretim görevlileri AWA okuyucusu olarak egitilmektedir. Uzman essay okuyucu dedigimiz kisi essayde su noktalari inceler:
• Size sunulan konu hakkindaki fikirlerinizin kalitesi
• Fikrinizi organize edebilme, gelistirebilme ve sunma yeteneginiz
• Konuyla ilgili verdiginiz destekleyici sebepler, örnekler
• Ingilizce yazim dil yeterliliginiz
Elbette ana dili Ingilizce olmayan bizlerin yazdiklari yazilar bu nokta göz önüne alinarak yapilmaktadir.
Yine de AWA'dan aldiginiz puanin yeterliligine inanmazsaniz essayinizin tekrar degerlendirilmesini isteyebilirsiniz. Essay Rescore Request Form
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